Emerging as a game-changing technology, large language models (LLMs) let programmers create programs they couldn’t create before. However, the strength of these LLMs derives from their ability to be combined with other sources of computation or knowledge. Thus employing them on their own is frequently not enough to produce a genuinely effective app.
One of LangChain‘s primary selling points is the integration of LLMs with external data. To better serve their ever-expanding user base, they intended to make their documentation available for question-and-answer sessions. To that end, LangChain has open-sourced a chatbot in collaboration with Zahid (ML Creator and LangChain Enthusiast) for working with massive language models in software development (LLMs).
When using LangChain, users can take advantage of its six primary modules.
- Prompts: Management of prompts, optimization of prompts, and serialization of prompts are all included in this category.
- Long-term memory (LLMs): This entails a universal interface for all LLMs and standard tools for manipulating LLMs.
- Tools: The power of language models increases significantly when combined with information from other sources or used in tandem with computational methods. Such tools may include Python interpreters, embeddings, and search engines.
- Chains: Chains are a series of calls that extend beyond a single LLM invocation (whether to an LLM or a different utility). LangChain offers a standardized chain interface, numerous connectors with other tools, and complete chains for common uses.
- Agents: In an agent, an LLM chooses an Action, carries it out, checks the result of the Action against an Observation, and so on. There are various standardized interfaces for agents to pick from and some instances of end-to-end agents.
- Memory refers to the idea that some data should remain intact between successive calls to an agent or chain. Standardized memory interface, a library of memory implementations, and some working examples of chains and agents that use memory.
Initially, the team was confronted with the problem of where to find the information. Either use the files hosted on GitHub or gather the information through web scraping. They adopted scraping web data.
To make a new chain, they did the following:
- Users can use a fresh question and some background on the topic to generate a query that stands on its own.
- Throw that inquiry into a standard Vector Database Question Answer Chain.
The team believed positive interaction with the chatbot was a must while developing it. While building their application, they considered the following factors:
- Each response needs to be backed up by some formal documentation.
- The answer should be presented as a code block if it contains any lines of code.
- When the chatbot doesn’t know the answer, it should say so and stick to the issue.
The first round of tests involved more lengthy Markdown responses. The quality of the answers was excellent; however, the turnaround times were a little longer than ideal. Several hours were spent tweaking the question and testing various combinations of keywords and sentence patterns to raise accuracy rates. They achieved better overall performance by positioning the base URL towards the beginning of the prompt. Provide the model with a point of reference from which to construct the final URL for the answer.
They also discovered that by switching to the singular form, such as saying “a hyperlink” instead of “hyperlinks” or “a code block” instead of “code blocks,” the speed with which the system responds increases significantly.
The introduced modules have a wide range of applications, such as:
- Agents: They can communicate with other programs via a language model. These can be utilized for more realistic question-and-answer sessions, API interaction, and even action-taking.
- Chatbots: Language models excel in text generation, making them a natural choice for this application.
- Data Augmented Generation: To gather information to employ in the generation process, Data Augmented Generation uses particular sorts of chains that communicate with an external data source.
- Question Answering: Long bits of text can be summarised, and questions and answers about specific data sources can be answered.
- Summarization: Condensing lengthier texts into more manageable bits of information
- Evaluation: Generative models are notoriously difficult to evaluate using conventional criteria. There are chains of prompts available in LangChain that can help with this.
- Generating Similar Examples: Creating new examples similar to those already existing in the world in response to a specific input. Many programs rely on this functionality. Therefore LangChain naturally includes various prompts/chains to help with it.
- Model comparison: Developing the ideal application requires trying out a variety of prompts, models, and chains.
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Tanushree Shenwai is a consulting intern at MarktechPost. She is currently pursuing her B.Tech from the Indian Institute of Technology(IIT), Bhubaneswar. She is a Data Science enthusiast and has a keen interest in the scope of application of artificial intelligence in various fields. She is passionate about exploring the new advancements in technologies and their real-life application.