Understanding TinyML And Its Applications

TinyML is a sort of machine learning in which deep learning networks are shrunk to fit on a piece of hardware. Artificial Intelligence and intelligent gadgets are combined in this project. In your pocket lies 45x18mm of Artificial Intelligence. Suddenly, your Arduino board’s do-it-yourself weekend project has a little machine learning model implanted in it. New embedded machine learning frameworks will enable the spread of AI-powered IoT devices. Ultra-low-power embedded electronics are entering our world, allowing AI-powered IoT devices to proliferate even more.

What exactly is TinyML? a brief overview

Machine learning is a jargon that has been around for a long, and it has a lot of applications for making sense of chaotic data. It is, however, less commonly connected with hardware. ML and hardware are frequently linked with the cloud, generally associated with latency, power consumption, and putting computers at the mercy of network rates.

Machine Learning on devices, on the other hand, is not a novel concept. Most of our phones have had some kind of neural network in them for a few years now. Embedded deep learning is used in various applications, including device music recognition and a variety of camera modes (such as night vision and portrait mode). The algorithms can recognize which applications we are more likely to use again and turn off others that aren’t, increasing the battery life of our phones. However, embedded AI has other hurdles, including power and space constraints. That’s where TinyML comes into play.

On-device sensor data necessitates extensive compute capabilities, leading to limited storage capacity, CPU limitations, and database performance degradation. TinyML introduces Machine Learning to the scene by incorporating Artificial Intelligence into tiny hardware components. It allows users to use deep learning techniques to train networks on devices and minimize their size without uploading data to the cloud and incurring an additional delay in analyzing it.

TinyML: How Beneficial Is It?

  1. Microcontrollers are energy efficient and can run for lengthy periods on batteries. It conserves energy while also being cost-effective.
  2. Due to the modest size of the devices employed, data does not need to be transferred to the server every time. It means that the data packet travels faster and less delay, lowering the output latency.
  3. Because data isn’t delivered to the server every now and then, the procedure uses less bandwidth and sometimes doesn’t even use the internet. As a result, it is not reliant on the connection.
  4. Data security and privacy are secured since data is not transferred to other users or websites.
Source: https://www.zdnet.com/article/machine-learning-at-the-edge-tinyml-is-getting-big/

TinyML’s Applications

Tiny ML has shown to be successful on edge devices and provides various options. It can respond to auditory orders and use chemical interactions to carry out tasks. Some examples of TinyML applications are Google Assistant and Alexa. The gadgets are constantly turned on, and listen to your voice for the wake word. Other uses that may or may not be a good idea include:


TinyML, when used on low-power devices, may continually identify machine issues ahead of time. It entails prediction-based maintenance. As an example: Ping Services, an Australian start-up, has introduced an IoT gadget that monitors wind turbines by attaching itself to the turbine’s outside. If it detects any possible problem or malfunction, it notifies the authorities.


Example: Farmers may use TensorFlow Lite’s application to identify illnesses in plants by taking a photo of them. It may be used on any device and does not require an internet connection. The procedure ensures the preservation of agricultural interests, which is critical for remote farmers.


Example: The Solar Scare is an initiative that aims to raise awareness about the dangers of solar energy Mosquito utilizes TinyML to prevent illnesses like dengue fever and malaria from spreading. It is solar-powered and detects mosquito breeding conditions before signaling the water to stop mosquito reproduction.

Conservation of the aquatic environment

Example: Whales are monitored by tiny ML-powered gadgets in real-time, which inform them when strikes occur in congested shipping channels.

TinyML’s Promising Future

TinyML is come to transform the landscape of IoT device applications and the future of intelligent gadgets. According to a prognosis, TinyML approaches would bring an estimated 2 billion gadgets to market by 2030, boosting the economy by being cost-effective and producing intelligent products. 


  • https://towardsdatascience.com/an-introduction-to-tinyml-4617f314aa79
  • https://www.opengrowth.com/article/tinyml-fundamentals-applications-deployment
  • https://www.plugandplaytechcenter.com/resources/tinyml-making-smart-devices-tinier-ever/
  • https://dev.to/tkeyo/tinyml-machine-learning-on-esp32-with-micropython-38a6

Prathamesh Ingle is a Mechanical Engineer and works as a Data Analyst. He is also an AI practitioner and certified Data Scientist with an interest in applications of AI. He is enthusiastic about exploring new technologies and advancements with their real-life applications

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